Code of Ethics


Board Member Code of Ethics

Fairfield County Board of Developmental Disabilities board members are expected to maintain the highest possible ethical and moral standards and to perform within the laws of the State of Ohio and other rules and regulations as may be set forth or interpreted by the Board. It is essential that the public maintain confidence in the Board. For this reason, it is important that board members refrain from any action that gives unwarranted preferential treatment to any individual, group or entity.

Ethical Standards

A. Board Members are expected to conduct themselves in a professional and courteous manner.
B. Board Members are encouraged to refrain from business relationships, which could be determined to be in direct conflict with the goals and missions of the Fairfield County Board of Developmental Disabilities.
C. Board members will continually review the mission and strategic plan of the organization and make modifications as appropriate.
D. In support of effective governance of the Fairfield County Board of Developmental Disabilities, the board believes and affirms annually:

1. That it derives its authority from the Ohio Revised Code and the powers set forth therein governing County Boards of Developmental Disabilities.
2. That people with developmental disabilities are provided the supports to live a life that they choose.
3. That consumer choice includes responsibility and control of identified funds.
4. That it must clearly define and articulate its role and its primary voice is through policy and open public meetings.
5. That a significant responsibility is to provide timely and honest feedback regarding the Superintendent’s performance.
6. That it always strives to differentiate between external and internal processes in the exercise of its authority.
7. That its Board members should engage in a regular and on-going process of in-service training and continuous improvement.
8. That its members come to each meeting prepared and ready to discuss issues fully and openly.
9. That its behavior, and that of its members, exemplify ethical behavior and conduct that is above reproach.
10. That it honestly debates the issues affecting children and adults with developmental disabilities and speaks with one voice once a decision or policy is made.

Occupational Therapy Code of Ethics


PRINCIPLE 1: BENEFICENCE - Occupational therapy personnel shall demonstrate a concern for the well-being of the recipients of their services.

  • Occupational therapy personnel shall provide services in a fair and equitable manner. They shall recognize and appreciate the cultural components of economics, geography, race, ethnicity, religious and political factors, marital status, sexual orientation, and disability of all recipients of their services.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall strive to ensure that fees are fair and reasonable and commensurate with services performed. When occupational therapy practitioners set fees, they shall set fees considering institutional, local, state, and federal requirements, and with due regard for the service recipient's ability to pay.
  • Occupational therapy personnel shall make every effort to advocate for recipients to obtain needed services through available means.

PRINCIPLE 2: NONMALEFICENCE - Occupational therapy personnel shall take reasonable precautions to avoid imposing or inflicting harm upon the recipient of services or to his or her property.

  • Occupational therapy personnel shall maintain relationships that do not exploit the recipient of services sexually, physically, emotionally, financially, socially, or in any other manner.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall avoid relationships or activities that interfere with professional judgment and objectivity.

PRINCIPLE 3: AUTONOMY, PRIVACY AND CONFIDENTIALITY - Occupational therapy personnel shall respect the recipient and/or their surrogate(s) as well as the recipient's rights.

  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall collaborate with service recipients or their surrogate(s) in setting goals and priorities throughout the intervention process.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall fully inform the service recipients of the nature, risks, and potential outcomes of any interventions.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall obtain informed consent from participants involved in research activities and indicate that they have fully informed and advised the participants of potential risks and outcomes. Occupational therapy practitioners shall endeavor to ensure that the participant(s) comprehend these risks and outcomes.
  • Occupational therapy personnel shall respect the individual's right to refuse professional services or involvement in research or educational activities.
  • Occupational therapy personnel shall protect all privileged confidential forms of written, verbal, and electronic communication gained from educational, practice, research, and investigational activities unless otherwise mandated by local, state, or federal regulations.

PRINCIPLE 4: DUTIES - Occupational therapy personnel shall achieve and continually maintain high standards of competence.

  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall hold the appropriate national and state credentials for the services they provide.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall use procedures that conform to the standards of practice and other appropriate AOTA documents relevant to practice.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall take responsibility for maintaining and documenting competence by participating in professional development and educational activities.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall critically examine and keep current with emerging knowledge relevant to their practice so they may perform their duties on the basis of accurate information.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall protect service recipients by ensuring that duties assumed by or assigned to other occupational therapy personnel match credentials, qualifications, experience, and scope of practice.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall provide appropriate supervision to individuals for whom the practitioners have supervisory responsibility in accordance with Association policies, local, state and federal laws, and institutional values.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall refer to or consult with other service providers whenever such a referral or consultation would be helpful to the care of the recipient of service. The referral or consultation process should be done in collaboration with the recipient of service.

PRINCIPLE 5: JUSTICE - Occupational therapy personnel shall comply with laws and Association policies guiding the profession of occupational therapy.

  • Occupational therapy personnel shall familiarize themselves with and seek to understand and abide by applicable Association policies; local, state, and federal laws; and institutional rules.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall remain abreast of revisions in those laws and Association policies that apply to the profession of occupational therapy and shall inform employers, employees, and colleagues of those changes.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall require those they supervise in occupational therapy-related activities to adhere to the Code of Ethics.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall take reasonable steps to ensure employers are aware of occupational therapy's ethical obligations, as set forth in this Code of Ethics, and of the implications of those obligations for occupational therapy practice, education, and research.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall record and report in an accurate and timely manner all information related to professional activities.

PRINCIPLE 6: VERACITY - Occupational therapy personnel shall provide accurate information about occupational therapy services.

  • Occupational therapy personnel shall accurately represent their credentials, qualifications, education, experience, training, and competence. This is of particular importance for those to whom occupational therapy personnel provide their services or with whom occupational therapy practitioners have a professional relationship.
  • Occupational therapy personnel shall disclose any professional, personal, financial, business, or volunteer affiliations that may pose a conflict of interest to those with whom they may establish a professional, contractual, or other working relationship.
  • Occupational therapy personnel shall refrain from using or participating in the use of any form of communication that contains false, fraudulent, deceptive, or unfair statements or claims.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall accept the responsibility for their professional actions which reduce the public's trust in occupational therapy services and those that perform those services.

PRINCIPLE 7: FIDELITY - Occupational therapy personnel shall treat colleagues and other professionals with fairness, discretion, and integrity.

  • Occupational therapy personnel shall preserve, respect, and safeguard confidential information about colleagues and staff, unless otherwise mandated by national, state, or local laws.
  • Occupational therapy practitioners shall accurately represent the qualifications, views, contributions, and findings of colleagues.
  • Occupational therapy personnel shall take adequate measures to discourage, prevent, expose, and correct any breaches of the Code of Ethics and report any breaches of the Code of Ethics to the appropriate authority.
  • Occupational therapy personnel shall familiarize themselves with established policies and procedures for handling concerns about this Code of Ethics, including familiarity with national, state, local, district, and territorial procedures for handling ethics complaints. These include policies and procedures created by the American Occupational Therapy Association, licensing and regulatory bodies, employers, agencies, certification boards, and other organizations who have jurisdiction over occupational therapy practice.

Speech Therapy Code of Ethics

PRINCIPLE 1: WELFARE OF PERSONS SERVED PROFESSIONALLY - Individuals shall hold paramount the welfare of persons served professionally.

  • Individuals shall use every resource available, including referral to other specialists as needed to provide the best service possible.
  • Individuals shall fully inform persons served of the nature and possible side effects of the services.
  • Individuals shall fully inform subjects participating in research or teaching activities of the nature and possible effects of these activities. Consent from subjects is necessary. Subjects shall reserve the right to withdraw from the activity at any time.
  • Individuals shall provide appropriate access to records of persons served professionally.
  • Individuals shall take all reasonable precautions to avoid injuring persons in the delivery of professional services.
  • Individuals shall evaluate services rendered to determine effectiveness.
  • Individuals must not exploit persons in the delivery of professional services, including accepting persons for treatment when benefit cannot reasonably be expected or continuing treatment unnecessarily.
  • Individuals must not evaluate or treat speech, language or hearing disorders except in a professional relationship. They must not evaluate or treat solely by correspondence. This does not preclude follow-up correspondence with persons previously seen, nor providing them with general information of an educational nature.
  • Individual must not reveal to unauthorized persons any professional or personal information obtained from the person served professionally, unless required by laws or unless necessary to protect the welfare of the person or the community.

PRINCIPLE 2: STANDARDS OF PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE - Individual shall maintain high standards of professional competence.

  • Individuals must maintain appropriate qualification.
  • Individuals shall continue their professional development throughout their careers.
  • Individuals shall maintain adequate records of professional services rendered.
  • Individuals must neither provide clinical services nor supervision of services for which they have not been properly prepared, nor permit services to be provided by any of their staff who are not properly prepared.
  • Individuals shall provide appropriate supervision and assume full responsibility for clinical services offered by support personnel.
  • Individuals shall not require anyone under their supervision to engage in any practice that is a violation of the Code of Ethics.
  • When making recommendations for their subjects, individuals should not be influenced by concern for their own professional advantage or pecuniary interests.

PRINCIPLE 3: COMMUNICATION - Individuals’ statements to persons served professionally and to the public shall provide accurate information about the nature and management of communicative disorders and about the profession and services rendered by its practitioners.

  • Individuals must not represent their training or competence.
  • Individuals public statement providing information about professional services and products must not contain representations or claims that are false, deceptive or misleading.
  • Individuals must not use professional or commercial affiliations in any way that would mislead or limit services to persons served professionally.

PRINCIPLE 4: DISPENSING PRODUCTS - Individuals who dispense products to persons served professionally shall observe the following standards:

  • Products associated for professional practice must be dispensed to the person served as a part of a program comprehensive habilitative care.
  • Persons served must be provided freedom of choice for source of service and products.
  • Products dispensed to the person served must be evaluated to determine effectiveness.

PRINCIPLE 5: - RESPONSIBILITES AND RELATIONSHIPS - Individuals shall honor their responsibilities to the public, their profession and their relationships with colleagues and members of allied professions.

  • Individuals shall seek to provide and expand services to persons with speech, language and hearing handicaps as well as to assist in establishing high professional standards for such programs.
  • Individuals shall educate the public about speech, language and hearing problems, and matters related professional competence.
  • Individuals should strive to increase knowledge within the profession and share research with colleagues.
  • Individuals shall establish harmonious relations with colleagues and members of other professions, and endeavor to inform members of related professions of services provided by speech therapists, as well as seek information from them.
  • Individuals should assign credit to those who have contributed to a publication in proportion to their contribution.

PRINCIPLE 6: STANDARDS - Individual shall uphold the dignity of the profession and freely accept the profession’s self-imposed standards.

  • Individuals shall report when they have reason to believe another professional may have violated the Code of Ethics.
  • Individuals shall not engage in violations of the Code of Ethics or in any attempt to circumvent any of them.
  • Individuals shall not engage in dishonesty, fraud, deceit, misrepresentation, or other forms of illegal conduct that adversely reflect on the profession of the individuals’ fitness for membership in the profession.

Public Relations Code of Ethics


PRINCIPLE 1: FREE FLOW OF INFORMATION - Protecting and advancing the free flow of accurate and truthful information is essential to serving the public interest and contributing to informed decision making in a democratic society.


To maintain the integrity of relationships with the media, government officials, and the public.
To aid informed decision making.


  • Public relations efforts shall:
  • Preserve the integrity of the process of communication.
  • Be honest and accurate in all communications.
  • Act promptly to correct erroneous communications for which the practitioner is responsible.
  • Preserve the free flow of unprejudiced information when giving or receiving gifts by ensuring that gifts are nominal, legal, and infrequent.

PRINCIPLE 2: COMPETITION - Promoting healthy and fair competition among professionals preserves an ethical climate while fostering a robust business environment.


To promote respect and fair competition among public relations professionals.
To serve the public interest by providing the widest choice of practitioner options.


Public relations efforts shall:

  • Follow ethical hiring practices designed to respect free and open competition without deliberately undermining a competitor.
  • Preserve intellectual property rights in the marketplace.

PRINCIPLE 3: DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION - Open communication fosters informed decision making in a democratic society.


To build trust with the public by revealing all information needed for responsible decision making.


Public relations efforts shall:

  • Be honest and accurate in all communications.
  • Act promptly to correct erroneous communications for which the organization is responsible.
  • Investigate the truthfulness and accuracy of information released on behalf of those represented.
  • Reveal the sponsors for causes and interests represented.
  • Disclose financial interest (such as stock ownership) in the organization.
  • Avoid deceptive practices.

PRINCIPLE 4: SAFEGUARDING CONFIDENCES - Client trust requires appropriate protection of confidential and private information.


To protect the privacy rights of clients, organizations, and individuals by safeguarding confidential information.


Public relations efforts shall:

  • Safeguard the confidences and privacy rights of present, former, and prospective clients and employees.
  • Protect privileged, confidential, or insider information gained from a client or organization.
  • Immediately advise an appropriate authority if a member discovers that confidential information is being divulged by an employee of a client company or organization.

PRINCIPLE 5: CONFLICTS OF INTEREST - Avoiding real, potential, or perceived conflicts of interest builds the trust of clients, employers, and the publics.


To earn trust and mutual respect with clients or employers.
To build trust with the public by avoiding or ending situations that put one’s personal or professional interests in conflict with society’s interests.

Public relations efforts shall:

  • Act in the best interests of the client or employer, even subordinating the member’s personal interests.
  • Avoid actions and circumstances that may appear to compromise good business judgment or create a conflict between personal and professional interests.
  • Disclose promptly any existing or potential conflict of interest to affected clients or organizations.
  • Encourage clients and customers to determine if a conflict exists after notifying all affected parties.

PRINCIPLE 6: ENHANCING THE PROFESSION - Public relations professionals work constantly to strengthen the public’s trust in the profession.


To build respect and credibility with the public for the profession of public relations.
To improve, adapt, and expand professional practices.


Public relations efforts shall:

  • Serve the public interest by acting as responsible advocates for those we represent.
  • Provide a voice in the marketplace of ideas, facts, and viewpoints to aid informed public debate.
  • Acknowledge that there is an obligation to protect and enhance the profession.
  • Keep informed and educated about practices in the profession to ensure ethical conduct.
  • Actively pursue personal professional development.
  • Decline representation of clients or organizations that urge or require actions contrary to this Code.
  • Accurately define what public relations activities can accomplish.
  • Counsel subordinates in proper ethical decision making.
  • Require that subordinates adhere to the ethical requirements of the Code.
  • Report ethical violations, whether committed by PRSA members or not, to the appropriate authority.
  • Adhere to the highest standards of accuracy and truth in advancing the interests of those we represent and in communicating with the public.
  • Acquire and responsibly use specialized knowledge and experience.
  • Advance the profession through continued professional development, research, and education.
  • Build mutual understanding, credibility, and relationships among a wide array of institutions and audiences.
  • Provide objective counsel to those they represent.
  • Be accountable for their actions.
  • Be faithful to those they represent, while honoring the obligation to serve the public interest.
  • Deal fairly with clients, employers, competitors, peers, vendors, the media, and the general public.
  • Respect all opinions and support the right of free expression